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Week of fight against tuberculosis
Week of fight against tuberculosis

According to national and international health calendar third week of September is the week fight against tuberculosis and lung disease. This year marks the 14th to 21 September. On this occasion, field workers of TB Centre 2 located in the premises of the Association of Roma Women "better future" Tuzla held street action with the aim of increasing knowledge about this infectious disease and public awareness of the importance of the control and treatment of TB.

Tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial infection that is the leading cause of death among infectious diseases in the world. It spreads through the air and usually infects the lungs, although it can be affected by other bodies. In recent years, tuberculosis is a global problem with increasing trend, erasing the boundaries between the economically developed and non-developed countries. In the last 15 years in the Federation morbidity rate of tuberculosis ranged from 44 to 91 per 100,000 people affected. According to estimates by the World Health Organization in 2010, 8.8 million people with tuberculosis, while 1.4 million people died as a result of the disease. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, on an annual basis, the number of newly diagnosed cases of tuberculosis patients is around 1500 at the Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases, University Clinical Center Tuzla in the treatment of 32 patients, which is the full capacity of the Department for tuberculosis.

"Tuberculosis is primarily a disease that is spread through the air, and spreads from person to person through microscopic droplets that are expelled from the lungs when a tuberculosis patient coughs, sneezes, speaks, sings, or laughs. Only people with active disease are contagious. Infection begins when the bacilli reach the lung alveoli where they reproduce inside macrophages. Common symptoms include loss of appetite and weight loss, fast-fatigue, malaise, night sweats, slightly Recommended sites fever and fever, and specific symptoms come from the body which is affected by tuberculosis process. They often appear at the lungs and the most important respiratory symptoms are cough that lasts longer than three weeks and not go to the usual treatment, shortness of breath, chest pain and coughing up blood, explains Assistant Professor Sead Jamankosmanović, Director of the Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases.

Tuberculosis treatment was standardized and strictly controlled, has two stages, using four antituberculosis drugs in combination forms and dosage per kilogram of body weight. According to Assistant Professor Jamankosmanovića, there is a wide range, all, available preparation used in the treatment of tuberculosis. Hospital treatment lasts two months, and the overall therapy for six months. If treatment is defined as a therapeutic regimen, the disease may recur, leading to resistant forms of TB, which is far more difficult to heal.



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27.05.2020 01:00